Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE)

What is Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE)?

Enterococci are a type of bacteria normally present in the human intestine and in the environment. These bacteria can sometimes cause infections. Vancomycin is an antibiotic that is often used to treat infections caused by enterococci. In some instances, enterococci have become resistant to this drug and thus are called Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE). VRE is spread from one person to another through direct contact. Hand hygiene is the most effective way to prevent VRE.

VRE can be present on the caregiver’s hands either from touching contaminated material excreted by an infected person or from touching articles soiled by feces. VRE can survive on hands and can survive for weeks on inanimate objects such as toilet seats, taps, door handles, bed rails, furniture and bedpans. VRE is easy to kill with the proper use of disinfectants and good hand hygiene.

VRE Bacteraemia is the presence of the VRE bacteria in the blood stream and is referred to as the blood stream infection.


Apr 2016 May 2016 Jun 2016 Jul 2016 Aug 2016 Sep 2016 Oct 2016 Nov 2016 Dec 2016 Jan 2017 Feb 2017 Mar 2017
Number of VRE 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2
Rate 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.63 0.58

To learn more about hospital infection control rates, please visit the Ministry and Long-Term Care website.


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